In this episode, Medicom’s correspondent covers 6 presentations from the Nordic Lung Congress (NLC 2022), held in Copenhagen, Denmark, from 01-03 June 2022.
The topics discussed are:
- Vaping amongst adolescents: a worrying trend
According to Finnish research, there is a strong need to strengthen preventive policies on e-cigarettes to prevent adolescents to fall prey to the tobacco epidemic. This includes comprehensive and strict e-cigarette regulations, that extend to all tobacco regulations. Also, targeted regulation/enforcement that considers the innovative characteristics of these products is required.
- Link between asthma and decreased fertility is being unravelled in the PRO-ART study
The association between asthma and decreased fertility is currently being investigated in the PRO-ART study. The results will hopefully shed some new light on the underlying mechanism and enhance our knowledge of this complicated interplay.
- EILO is often misdiagnosed
Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is often mistaken for asthma. In fact, it is a very different condition that needs a specific management strategy mainly focused on making the patient understand what EILO is. Speech training may also prove beneficial, but an inhaler should not be part of therapy.
- No oral corticosteroids before a confirmed diagnosis of ILD
Data from a Finnish study assessing the pre-operative risk factors for transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) complications in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) showed that it might not be wise to use oral corticosteroids in these patients before a confirmed diagnosis. Also, a severe cough should be investigated before TBLC is considered.
- Physical activity for asthma patients improves asthma control
Although it can be challenging to prescribe exercise to asthma patients, physical activity proves to be a valuable intervention as it improves asthma control. However, patients should not overdo it, as excessive vigorous training increases the risk of developing asthma and asthma-related conditions.
- Social distancing led to reduced number of exacerbations in bronchiectasis patients
Social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic reduced the exacerbation risk in bronchiectasis patients. The daily symptoms that these patients experience, such as phlegm and cough, were not significantly reduced. Besides, patients did not experience a heightened sense of anxiousness as a result of social distancing.
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